If you are a Canadian employer considering applying for an LMIA, here are five tips to increase the likelihood that your application will be approved by the federal government.
Tips for a successful LMIA
1. Choose the correct NOC code
The first step is to identify and select the National Occupational Classification (NOC) code that accurately reflects the role to be filled by the foreign national. The NOC is Canada’s national system to describe jobs based on their main duties and requirements such as the level of education typically needed for each job.
In order for the federal government to properly assess the impact of hiring a foreign worker in a given occupation, that occupation must be clearly and correctly defined to ensure that there is a neutral or positive impact on the Canadian labour market. If they find a discrepancy between the chosen NOC code and the duties and responsibilities to be performed by the foreign worker, the application may be refused, as misidentification of the NOC code has implications at all stages of the application.
2. Allocate the correct salary according to the NOC code
When hiring a foreign worker, it is important that the salary offered by the Canadian employer matches the remuneration received by Canadian workers in the same occupation. The salary proposed in the LMIA application must be equal to, or greater than, the median salary of the NOC in the geographic area of Canada where the job is located.
The federal government is very strict about this salary requirement, so if it is not met, the application will not be approved.
3. Identify the correct stream through which to apply
While the objective of all LMIAs is to determine the impact of hiring a foreign worker on the Canadian labour market, not all LMIAs are the same.
There are different types of LMIAs that can be pursued and the best one in any given situation depends on factors such as:
- the occupation to be filled by the foreign worker,
• the ownership structure of the Canadian company vis-à-vis the foreign worker,
• the purpose for which the LMIA is being submitted.
Incorrect identification of the stream could result in longer processing times and an increased likelihood that the LMIA will be refused.
4. Ensure correct advertisement and ongoing recruitment efforts
Since the objective of the LMIA application is to demonstrate that there were no Canadians available to do the job, attempts to recruit Canadians must be well documented and authentic.
A common reason for the rejection of LMIA applications is unsatisfactory recruitment efforts. While the federal government does not provide specific guidelines in this regard, advertisements must be posted in sources that are acceptable to the federal government and must contain the required information.
While most ads must be posted for only 28 consecutive days, at least one of the ads must remain active until the LMIA is approved.
5. Verify that all forms and documents are complete before submitting
The fifth and final tip is to double-check your application before submitting it to the federal government.
An LMIA is a complex and demanding application that involves the submission of many documents and the completion of many government forms. Seemingly insignificant errors can jeopardize or at least prolong the processing of the application.
Since the objective of the LMIA is to protect Canadian workers from foreign nationals encroaching on their jobs, these applications are scrutinized very closely and may be refused if they do not comply with the requirements set out by the federal government.
Given how exhaustive the LMIA process can be, it is highly recommended that Canadian employers seek professional guidance to help them successfully and efficiently navigate the process.